By Charles Stephenson

ISBN-10: 0957689225

ISBN-13: 9780957689220

This is the 1st booklet within the English language to provide an research of a clash that, in such a lot of methods, raised the curtain at the nice battle. In September 1911, Italy declared conflict at the as soon as powerful, transcontinental Ottoman Empire – however it was once an Empire in decline. The bold Italy made up our minds so as to add to her becoming African empire by means of attacking Ottoman-ruled Tripolitania (Libya). The Italian motion started the swift fall of the Ottoman Empire, which might finish with its disintegration on the finish of the 1st international conflict. The day after Ottoman Turkey made peace with Italy in October 1912, the Balkan League attacked within the First Balkan War.


The Italo-Ottoman battle, as a prelude to the extraordinary hostilities that will stick to, has such a lot of firsts and tips that could the grim destiny: the 1st three-d conflict with aerial reconnaissance and bombing, and the 1st use of armored automobiles, working in live performance with traditional flooring and naval forces; battle fever whipped up through the Italian press; army incompetence and stalemate; classes in how to not struggle a guerrilla conflict; mass demise from affliction and 10,000 extra from reprisals and executions. Thirty thousand males might die in a fight for what could defined as little greater than a scatolone di sabbia – a field of sand.


As acclaimed historian Charles Stephenson portrays during this ground-breaking examine, if there's an exemplar of the futility of conflict, this can be it. except the death and the large price to Italy (much larger than was once initially envisaged), the most end result was once to halve the Libyan inhabitants via emigration, famine and casualties.


The Italo-Ottoman conflict was once a clash overshadowed through the nice battle – yet one that in lots of methods presaged the horrors to return. A field of Sand can be of significant curiosity to scholars of army historical past and people with an curiosity within the background of North Africa and the improvement of expertise in war.

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A Box of Sand: The Italo-Ottoman War 1911-1912 by Charles Stephenson


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